I have copy pasted the article here for your reference:
Bo Nok and Ban Krut Power Plants
The proposed coal-fired power plants at Bo Nok and Ban Krut originate from the
Thai government's development policies of 1996. The aim was to develop provinces
along the west coast in the southern part of Thailand (particularly Prachuab Khiri
Khan) to become a Steel Industry Zone in order to expand investment from the
private sector and further economic development of the country. Projects to
improve infrastructures in the area were implemented, and plans for two power
plants for electricity supply for the region were developed. Both of the plants are
under the Independent Power Producer (IPP) project.
Bo Nok power plant will have the capacity to generate 734 MW of electricity.
The plant will cover an area of 162 hectares along the coast in Bo Nok sub-district,
Muang district, Prachuab Kiri Khan Province. The plant belongs to Gulf Power
Generation Co., Ltd. which in turn is owned by:
â€¢ Gulf Electric Co., Ltd.*60%
â€¢ Edison Mission Energy (US)40%
The expected cost of construction is US$ 0.88 billion (or THB 32,000 million).
Gulf Power Generation Co., Ltd. signed a twenty-five year contract with the
Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) under IPP. The sub-bituminous
coal to be used in the power plant will be from PT Adaro mine in Indonesia, owned
by Australian company New Hope. Co-incidentally Edison used to have shares in this
*Gulf Electric Public Company Limited is 50% owned by Electricity Generating Public
Company Limited(EGCO), the first independent power producer in Thailand, 49% owned by
Electric Power Development Company Limited (EPDC), one of the largest power producers in
Japan, and 1% owned by Mitsiam International (Thailand), an affiliate of Mitsui & Co.
Ban Krut power plant will have a generating capacity of 1,400 MW of electricity.
The plant will cover an area of 162 hectares along Ban Krut coast, Thongchai
subdistrict, Bang-saphan district, Prachuab Khiri Khan Province.
The project belongs to Union Power Development Co., Ltd (UPDC - Thai
company), which in turn is owned by:
â€¢ Union Energy (Thai)15%
â€¢ Tomen Corporation (Japanese)29%
â€¢ Toyota Tsusho (Japanese)15%
â€¢ Chubu Electric (Japanese)15%
â€¢ Hong Kong Electric26%
Fortum, a Finnish company and Consolidated Electric Power Asia (CEPA), a US
company withdrew their investment at the end of 1999. A Singaporean company that
had shown interest in the project also withdrew their investment plans citing public
opposition as the main reason.
The expected cost of construction is US$ 1.2 billion (THB 48 billion).
UPDC has signed a twenty-five year contract with the Electricity Generating
Authority of Thailand (EGAT) under IPPproject. The sub-bituminous coal to be used
in the power plant will be imported from Australia (80%), Indonesia and South
Projected impacts of the projects
The projects have been opposed by local villagers and environmental groups for
about eight years. The communities have organised against these projects because
â€¢ Uproot a sustainable community that is opposed to such industrial development
â€¢ Create a pollution problem that will despoil local ecosystems and public health
â€¢ Grossly contribute to climate change through carbon dioxide emissions, and
â€¢ Reduce the potential for Thailand to meet its electricity with clean energy.
Other impacts will include loss of farming income, damage to nearby wetlands, and
threats to human health.
The environment around Bo Nok and Ban Krut is extremely rich in biodiversity, the
best known examples being whales and coral reefs respectively . Yet, incredibly,
the existence of whales and coral reefs in the area was not even mentioned in either
companiesâ€™ Environmental Impact Assessment.
Greenpeace campaigns to stop the expansion exploration for fossil fuels and their
continued utilisation due to the potentially devastating impacts of climate change.
Climate change is caused through burning fossil fuels. At the same time,
Greenpeace also champions the
harnessing of renewable energy and energy
efficiency-based power use and production. The Greenpeace climate and energy
campaign is thus a combined campaign to stop climate change, to promote the use
of renewable energy, and to prevent the proliferation of polluting industries.
Greenpeace has initiated, conducted and organized extensive environmental studies
and has used the scientific knowledge generated to lobby the Thai government to
switch support to clean energy and to phase-out the countryâ€™s use of fossil fuels.
As well as talking we take action. . In April 2002, Greenpeace helped the villagers of
Bo Nok and Ban Krut in the province of Prachuab Khiri Khan install solar power on a
local school and temple to illustrate that the communities are serious in their desire
for renewable energy for Thailand.
Greenpeace also supports the peaceful activism of communities in different ways,
like skill-sharing, the holding of seminars, teach-ins, environmental training, and
Greenpeace believes that the Thai Government should â€“
â€¢ Commit to adopting a 30% target for power generation from renewable energy
sources by 2020 and to energy efficiency standards.
â€¢ Overturn all existing approvals for fossil fuel power plants, including those at Ban
Krut and Bo Nok.
â€¢ Phase out all direct and indirect susbsidies to polluting fossil fuels by 2007.
http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/s ... r-plan.pdf